ADVENTURES OF  VERINA & VINCENT  IN EUROPE

BARCELONA

 

Les Arenes bullring di Barcelona 1958

 

Les Arenes bullring di Placa Espanya Square 2004

 

Barcelona, located at the Mediterranean sea in the very north of the Spanish coast, is certainly the most cosmopolitan and economically most active city in this country. It has always proved its will to be modern, to follow the latest international tendencies or be ahead of them. To the tourist this is evident specially in its architecture, which so well reflects the general approach to life in this always pulsating city.

Of course, Barcelona has an old history, and there are monuments of Romanesque, Gothic and Renaissance periods or still before, but most characteristic is what has been built during the last, say, 100 years. Barcelona has been a center of Modernist architecture and is distinguished specially by the works of genial Antoní Gaudí, who together with his great contemporaries gave new and exciting looks to it, but has remained since then at the top of modernity. If you want to find out which are the very latest tendencies today - go to discover it here.

 

La Sagrada Familia as icon Barcelona

Consecrated by Pope Benedict on November 7, 2010

 

Every part of the design of La Sagrada Família is rich with Christian symbolism, as Gaudí intended the church to be the "last great sanctuary of Christendom". Its most striking aspect is its spindle-shaped towers. A total of 18 tall towers are called for, representing in ascending order of height the twelve Apostles, the four Evangelists, the Virgin Mary and, tallest of all, Jesus Christ. (According to the 2005 "Works Report" of the temple's official website, drawings signed by Gaudí found recently in the Municipal Archives indicate that the tower of the Virgin was in fact intended by Gaudí to be shorter than those of the evangelists, and this is the design — which the Works Report states is more compatible with the existing foundations — that will be followed. The same source explains the symbolism in terms of Christ being known through the Evangelists.

 

La Sagrada Familia memang ibarat jantung Barcelona dan sekaligus ikon kota Barcelona. Keunikan bangunan itu sebetulnya melukiskan roh bangunan itu sendiri.

La Sagrada Familia seakan melukiskan pesan spiritual yang termanifestasi dalam lekuk-lekuk, lengkung, struktur, bentuk, dan motif bangunan.

 

Gaudi hampir merampungkan ornamen bagian Nativity Facade yang melukiskan kelahiran Isa Almaseh

 

Antoni Gaudí (1852–1926) was born in Reus, Catalonia, the son of a coppersmith, and spent almost all his career in Barcelona. He was a patriotic Catalan and is said to have insisted on using the Catalan language even when talking to the King of Spain. The other major forces that shaped his life were a devotion to his work and a devout Christian faith.
In 1878 he graduated from the Escola Superior d´Arquitectura, Barcelona, and soon afterwards met Eusebi Güell (1847–1918), a wealthy industrialist and Catalan nationalist who became his main patron, commissioning the Parc Güell and other works.
Gaudí’s work was influenced by various sources, including Gothic and Islamic architecture, and it has features in common with the Art Nouveau style fashionable at the time. However, his buildings have a sense of bizarre fantasy that sets them apart from anything else in the history of architecture. Walls undulate as if they were alive, towers grow like giant anthills, columns slant out of the vertical, and surfaces are encrusted with unconventional decoration, including broken bottles. Gaudí died after being hit by a trolley bus. He cared so little for material success that – in spite of his great reputation – he was mistaken for a tramp and taken to a paupers’ ward in hospital.

 

Interior La Sagrada Familia bagaikan batang-batang pohon yang bercabang seperti melihat tangkai-tangkai pohon

Atmosfernya ibarat belantara dengan sistem pencahayaan seperti masuknya sinar matahari di sela-sela dedaunan

 

Di tengah homogenitas bangunan kota yang tampak seperti kotak-kotak, karya arsitek Antonius Gaudi (1852-1926) ibarat memandangi lekuk-lekuk 'tubuh' bangunan yang selama 120 tahun ini belum juga rampung

 

According to the newspaper El Periódico de Catalunya, 2.26 million people visited the partially built basilica in 2004, making it one of the most popular attractions in Spain, alongside the Museo del Prado and Alhambra. The central nave vaulting was completed in 2000 and the main tasks since then have been the construction of the transept vaults and apse. Current work (2007) concentrates on the crossing and supporting structure for the main tower of Jesus Christ as well as the southern enclosure of the central nave which will become the Glory façade.

 

Passion Facade berada di sebelah barat La Sagrada Familia yang melukiskan kepedihan, kesakitan, pengurbanan, peristiwa dramatik, dan wafat Isa Almaseh

 

La Sagrada Família (Catalan, 'The Holy Family') is a large Roman Catholic basilica under construction in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. Its formal title is Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada Família. Antoni Gaudí worked on the project for over 40 years, devoting the last 15 years of his life entirely to this endeavor. On the subject of the extremely long construction period, Gaudí is said to have joked, "My client is not in a hurry." After Gaudí's death in 1926, work continued under the direction of Domènech Sugranyes until interrupted by the Spanish Civil War in 1935.

 

Turis mancanegara begitu nyaman jalan-jalan di Barcelona

 

Av de la Reina Maria Christina, seen National Building at Mont Juic

 

Av de la Reina Maria Cristina, seen Les Arenes Bullring at Placa Espanya Square, and Tibidabo on the background

 

Gaudí’s unknown jewel, his best-kept treasure, or the apple of his eye. Nearly everyone who is familiar with the church known as the Güell Crypt, which the modernista architect built in the village, refers to it with one of these three expressions. The chapel was commissioned in 1898 by Gaudí’s friend and patron Eusebi Güell, who thought it necessary to provide a place of worship for his workers who lived in the village. This was the only one of Gaudí’s modernista landmarks that he didn’t have a fixed budget for or a specific structure in mind. This was, in principle, to be the basis for a project that was to result in a two-storey church standing 40 metres high, with a main entrance on the second storey that was never built. As a result of this creative freedom, the experts agree that the crypt is the purest expression of Gaudí’s creativity and a test lab for the Sagrada Família, to which he applied many of the pioneering architectural techniques he used in the crypt.The building was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2005 and is popularly known as the church of the twisted columns. Much of the interior, with its flowing lines and dynamic curves, was created as a result of a revolutionary load-bearing system Gaudí used to build the twisted columns which, although they give the impression that they could collapse at any minute, make it possible to see the altar from anywhere in the crypt. Other important features are the devices Gaudí used to blend the building into its natural surroundings.

 

Scenary Barcelona city from Museu Nacional d'Art de Catalunya

 

El Ensanche, in this modernist part of the city exist, side to side, three completely different ambiences without ever mixing up. You'll find here locals for the lovers of design, for the traditionalists and the young and informal ones. At Plaça de Catalunya there are some charming terraces, specially visited by young people and tourists.

 

Placa Espanya

 

Tree lined pedestrian mall
A 1.2 kilometer-long tree-lined pedestrian mall in the Barri Gòtic, it connects Plaça Catalunya in the center with the Christopher Columbus monument at Port Vell

 

Usually full of street theatre, cafés and market stalls, it serves as the emotional hub of Barcelona

Spanish poet Federico García Lorca once said that La Rambla was 'the only street in the world which I wish would never end'

 

Fruit and vegetable market St. Joseph at La Rambla

The name La Rambla means, in Spanish and Catalan, an intermittent water flow, and is derived from the Arabic 'Ramla' which means 'sandy riverbed'

 

Tugu Columbus merupakan ujung La Rambla di tepi pantai hingga Placa de Catalunya

La Rambla or Les Rambles (Catalan) / Las Ramblas (Spanish) is an iconic and busy street in central Barcelona, popular with both tourists and locals alike

 

Officially, La Rambla is a series of shorter streets, each differently named, hence the plural form Las Ramblas. From the Plaça de Catalunya toward the harbor, the street is successively the Rambla de Canaletes, the Rambla dels Estudis, the Rambla de Sant Josep, the Rambla dels Caputxins, and the Rambla de Santa Monica. Construction of the Maremàgnum in the early 1990s resulted in a continuation of La Rambla on a wooden walkway into the harbor, the Rambla de Mar.

 

La Rambla del mar

 

Jembatan di La Rambla del mar, di tengahnya dapat diputar untuk bergantian kapal lewat

 

Cable car dengan Mont Juic

 

When walking down La Rambla one can visit its many small shops or enjoy watching the various performances (actors, mimes etc.). There are also several vendors trying to sell paper figures they claim are capable of dancing. Even more than in comparable locations elsewhere, tourists should check the menu list for the prices before ordering refreshments on La Rambla. For instance, in May 2007 one could get charged 21 Euros (the equivalent of 29 U.S. dollars) for a small beer and a glass of diluted orange juice. The same amount of money would easily buy a complete lunch, drinks included, in one of the numerous small restaurants that can be found off La Rambla, only a few steps away.

 

Pemandangan pelabuhan dari Mont Juic

 

Barcelona city view from Parc de Guell

 

Antoni Gaudí used hyperboloid structures in later designs of the Sagrada Família (more obviously after 1914), however there are a few places on the nativity façade—a design not equated with Gaudi's ruled-surface design, where the hyperboloid crops up. For example, all around the scene with the pelican there are numerous examples (including the basket held by one of the figures). There is a hyperboloid adding structural stability to the cypress tree (by connecting it to the bridge). And finally, the "bishop's mitre" spires are capped with hyperboloid structures.. In his later designs ruled surfaces are prominent in the nave's vaults and windows and the surfaces of the Passion facade.
 

Dilihat dari puncak Parc de Guell, tampak La Sagrada Familia dan Mediterranean sea

 

Parts of the unfinished building and Gaudí's models and workshop were destroyed during the war by Catalan anarchists. The design, as now being constructed, is based both on reconstructed versions of the lost plans and on modern adaptations. Since 1940 the architects Francesc Quintana, Isidre Puig Boada, Lluís Bonet i Gari and Francesc Cardoner have carried on the work. The current director and son of Lluís Bonet, Jordi Bonet i Armengol, has been introducing computers into the design and construction process since the 1980s. Sculptures by J. Busquets, Etsuro Sotoo and the controversial Josep Subirachs decorate the fantastical façades.

 

Jeng Verina mejeng di puncak Parc de Guell menikmati panorama seluruh kota Barcelona

 

Parc de Guell karya arsitek Gaudi

 

Pintu keluar Parc de Guell

 

The construction of the Colònia Güell began in 1890 by the initiative of the entrepreneur Eusebio Güell in his country estate «Can Soler de la Torre», located in the municipality of Santa Coloma de Cervelló, in the Baix Llobregat area.The interest of escaping the social conflicts arisen in the city made the new industry to be conceived within the framework of an industrial colony; with housing of the workers next to the mill, within the property, constituting an urban nucleus with its own social and economic life albeit overseen by the company.
In contrast to most industrial colonies in Catalonia, Eusebio Güell worked to improve the social conditions of his workers and applied his cultural patronage in the Colònia, providing it with cultural and religious facilities of a modernist design which were developed by different architects, most notably Gaudí to whom he entrusted the building of the church.

 

Katedral Barcelona dibangun antara 1046-1058, dan diselesaikan 1448, dengan tinggi cupola 90 meter

 

Gothic Cathedral Barcelona

 

Tempat yang disucikan salah satu gereja di Barcelona

 

Gracia, locals are concentrated at the squares of this nice quarter especially in the evening, like Plaza del Sol and Plaza Rius i Taulet. Everyone finds the right thing here, unimportantly if you are looking for a fashionable local of latest design, or just a charming summer-terrace.

La Barceloneta, originally this was a district of fishermen, but during the last years there has grown an infrastructure of modern gastronomy. You'll find equally elegant and extravagant fish-restaurants as this that fashionable harbour-tavern, visited specially by the young ones.

Night life at Santalo - San Gervasi, where the streets of Santaló and Mariano Cubi cross each other, you will find the highest concentration of fashionable locals in all the city. Public is young and beautiful, and likes to have a good romp inside the bars and out in the street.....good music, good drinks and lots of fun..... At Plaza Francesc Maciá you'll meet the cream of the crop of Barcelona's night life.

 

Stasiun Portbou dekat pantai dengan sekitarnya yang berbukit-bukit batuan (masuk Spanyol di perbatasan dengan Perancis)

 

 

MONTSERRAT

 

Montserrat is a spectacularly beautiful Benedictine monk mountain retreat about one hour North West from Barcelona by train
 


Not only is Montserrat Monastery of significant religious importance but the natural beauty surrounding the monastery is simply breathtaking

 

The history of Montserrat is fascinating and started in 880 when a small group of shepherd children saw a bright light descending from the sky in the Montserrat mountains. In the same moment the children heard angels singing and the music filled their hearts with a radiant joy.
Overwhelmed by the experience the children ran home to frantically recall the experience to their parents. The parents were sceptical but knew their children were trustworthy and honest and so they went to where the children had experienced the visions to see if they could see what all the fuss was about.
For the whole month following the first visitation the parents were also witness to the same heavenly experiences and were left with only one conclusion. The visions were a sign from God.
 

Santa Maria de Montserrat Abbey

 


The black faced Madonna in the basilica Montserrat monastery


A local vicar was brought to the scene and witnessed the same experiences as the children and parents. The visions occurred in the same location in a cave on Montserrat mountain. When this cave was explored by the religious elders of the community they found an image of the Virgin Mary. And from that moment on the cave became a holy sanctuary for religious pilgrims.
Today the site of the visions has been marked by a Holy Grotto on the mountain. You can walk to the Holy Grotto and see first hand where these events took place. The Holy Grotto has now been ordained a holy place and is visited by pilgrims and curious onlookers from all over the world.

 

 

 

GO YE INTO ALL THE WORLD, AND PREACH THE GOSPEL TO EVERY CREATURE

 

 

           

 

 

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