ADVENTURES OF  VERINA & VINCENT  IN EUROPE

 

 

COLOGNE  (KOHLN)

 

Cologne Station

 

 

Cologne (German Köln), city in west central Germany, in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia (Nordrhein-Westfalen), on the Rhine River. Cologne's location at the point where the Rhine crosses the overland route from Paris to northern Germany, and also at the junction of many roads along the Rhine, has given the city great commercial importance. 

It is a railroad center and a major port. Manufactures in the city include metal goods, motor vehicles, chemicals, textiles, pharmaceuticals, printed materials, chocolate, and a famous type of perfumed liquid, eau de cologne. The city has one of Europe's largest commercial trade-fair facilities.

 

Kohln Cathedral Square

 

In Roman days the town was a rectangular tract surrounded by walls. Medieval Cologne was crescent shaped and was enclosed by a rampart, walls, and gates. Inside these fortifications was a maze of narrow, crooked streets. Between 1881 and 1885 the fortifications were razed and a circular boulevard, the Ringstrasse, was constructed on their site. Beyond the Ringstrasse is the modern part of Cologne. Across the Rhine is the suburb of Deutz, which is linked with Cologne by several bridges.

 

The Hohenzollern bridge across the Rhein River in Cologne

 


The multicolored portions that almost look like thousands of flower blossoms are actually padlocks

People have them engraved and lock them on the fence to show their love

 

The great bell of the south tower, the Kaiserglocke, cast in 1874 from a French cannon captured in the Franco-Prussian War (1870-1871), is one of the largest in the world.

The Cathedral, which has been the objective of many pilgrimages, contains the shrine of the Magi, which covers the reputed bones of the three wise men who paid homage to the infant Jesus.

Cologne is noted for its university, founded in 1388, and for its churches. The Cologne Cathedral, a magnificent example of the Gothic cathedral in northern Europe, has twin spires, each 157 m (515 ft) high.

The cathedral was begun in 1248, but was not completed until 1880; it was restored after sustaining heavy damage in World War II (1939-1945).

 

 

Cologne Cathedral (Kölner Dom), dedicated to the saints Peter and Mary, built in 700 years

 

Cologne's magnificent Gothic cathedral, the Dom, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site

 

Interior cathedral Cologne

 

It is the largest Gothic cathedral in northern Europe, boasting beautiful stained glass windows, an ornate golg shrine on its elaborate altar, and the intricate detail common to 14th century Gothic churches

 

It is the seat of the Catholic Archbishop of Cologne. Cologne Cathedral is the greatest Gothic cathedral in Germany.
Cologne Cathedral stands on the site of a 4th century Roman temple, followed by a square church known as the "oldest cathedral" commissioned by Maternus, the first Christian bishop of Cologne. A second church built on the site, the "Old Cathedral," was completed in 818. This burned down on April 30, 1248.
Construction of the present Gothic church began in the 13th century and took, with interruptions, more than 600 years to complete. The new structure was built to house the relics of the Three Magi, taken from Milan by Holy Roman Emperor Fredrick Barbarossa and given to the Archbishop of Cologne, Rainald von Dassel in 1164.
 

 

Beautiful stain-glass in detail about Bible, Bishop, and Prince

 

Very beautiful sculpture near the door

 

The foundation stone of Cologne Cathedral was laid on August 15, 1248, by Archbishop Konrad von Hochstaden, and the choir was consecrated in 1322. After this initial rapid progress, construction work gradually came to a standstill, and by the year 1560, only a torso had been built.
Only with the 19th century Romantic enthusiasm for the Middle Ages and the commitment of the Prussian Court did construction work resume. 1824 saw the addition of the towers and other substantial parts of the cathedral, mostly according to surviving medieval plans and drawings.

 

Altar and shrines

 

3 magi's bones

 

The completion of Germany's largest cathedral was celebrated as a national event in 1880, 632 years after construction had began. The celebration was attended by Emperor Wilhelm I.
The cathedral suffered 14 hits by World War II aerial bombs but did not collapse and reconstruction was completed in 1956. In the northwest tower's base, an emergency repair carried out with bad-quality brickstones taken from a nearby war ruin remained visible until the late 1990s as a reminder of the War, but then it was decided to reconstruct this section according to the original appearance. It is possible to climb a spiral staircase to a viewing platform about 98 metres above the ground.

 

Bishop tomb

 

Altar salah satu kapel dalam katedral

 

Umat berdoa dengan menyalakan lilin

 

The oldest church in Cologne is Sankt Maria im Kapitol; it was consecrated in 1065. Other important churches in the city are those of Sankt Gereon (begun 11th century), Sankt Kunibert (13th century), and the Jesuits' Church (17th century).

Among other notable buildings in Cologne are the old city hall, the central and oldest part of which dates from the 14th century; the Gürzenich (mid-15th century), formerly a meeting place for merchants and now a concert hall; and a modern opera house.

 

Spire of gross St. Martin

 

Museums in the city include the Roman-Germanic Museum; the Wallraf-Richartz Museum, with notable displays of medieval and modern painting, and of the history of photography; the Schnütgen Museum, with a rich collection of ivory carvings and religious art; the Museum of East Asian Art; the Museum of Applied Arts; and a historical museum. Cologne also has a zoo, an aquarium, and a botanical garden. The city is the site of an annual pre-Lenten festival. It is also the birthplace of novelist Heinrich Böll.

 

Wedding at City Hall Kohln

 

Musik komidi putar 'Here Comes the Bride' memeriahkan perayaan pengantin baru

 

Cologne was originally a town of the Ubii, a Germanic tribe, and was then called Oppidum Ubiorum. The Romans established a garrison on the site in the 1st century BC. In AD50, Roman Emperor Claudius I founded a colony here and named it Colonia Claudia Ara Agrippinensis after his wife, Agrippina, a native of the town. It grew and prospered under Roman rule and subsequently under that of the Franks, who took the town about 330. The bishopric of Cologne was founded in 313 and was elevated in 785 to the rank of an archiepiscopal see by Charlemagne. The archbishop of Cologne was recognized as elector of the Holy Roman Empire by an edict, the Golden Bull of 1356.

 

Rhine River

 

Cologne was an important member of the commercial federation known as the Hanseatic League. During the wars of the French Revolution (1789-1799), the French took Cologne in 1794, and by the Treaty of Lunéville in 1801 they secularized the archbishopric and annexed the city to France. Control of Cologne passed to Prussia in 1815 and the city subsequently grew as an industrial center. Cologne was severely damaged during World War II (1939-1945)—more than 90 percent of the structures were destroyed or damaged—but it was largely rebuilt and modernized by 1960. Serious flooding in 1993 damaged part of the city's center, and an ever bigger flood hit Cologne in early 1995, causing further destruction. The Rhine's water levels in 1995 were the highest recorded in the city in more than 200 years. Population (1992 estimate) 958,600.

 

 

Continue the journey to Berlin by ICE train

 

ICE train from Cologne to Berlin

 

 

 

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