ADVENTURES OF  VERINA & VINCENT  IN EUROPE

 

 

LEIPZIG

 

Tiba di Stasiun Leipzig dari Lutherstadt Wittenberg

 

Leipzig (ancient Lipsk, from lipa, Slavonic for "lime tree"), city in east central Germany, in Saxony (Sachsen), located near the confluence of the Pleisse, Parthe, and Weisse Elster rivers. The city is noted for biannual trade fairs that bring thousands of exhibitors and visitors to its more than 9.7 hectares (24 acres) of exhibition halls. Leipzig was the headquarters of the German book-publishing industry from the 18th century through World War II (1939-1945). Other manufactures include printing equipment, precision instruments, textiles, beer, and musical instruments.

 

Kota Leipzig yang tenang

 

Leipzig acquired the nickname Kleine Paris ("Little Paris") in the 18th century, when it became a center of a classical literary movement under the leadership of German scholar and writer Johann Christoph Gottsched.

 

Gereja St. Thomas di Leipzig

 

Gereja St. Thomas adalah bangunan abad 14, sering digunakan untuk konser hingga kini (untuk turis). Di Thomas Kirche ini Martin Luther pernah memberikan kotbah, dan juga Johann Sebastian Bach memimpin paduan suara selama 25 tahun. Di belakang altar gereja ini disimpan bass dan biola untuk konser Bach secara rapi dan terawat baik sekali.  

 

Thomas Kirche Square di samping Gereja St. Thomas

 

Many prominent Germans studied at the University of Leipzig (1409; known as Karl Marx University of Leipzig from 1953 to 1990), among them the philosopher Johann Gottlieb Fichte, the poet Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, and the composers Robert Schumann and Johann Sebastian Bach.

 

Patung Johann Sebastian Bach

 

Pintu Gereja St. Thomas

 

Interior gereja yang agung

 

Altar gereja

 

Kuburan Johann Sebastian Bach dekat altar Gereja St. Thomas

 

Interior gereja dengan orgel di belakang sebelah atas

 

From 1723 until his death in 1750, Bach was choirmaster and musical director of Saint Thomasís Church; he is buried in the chancel of the church. In the 19th century Leipzig became one of the music centers of Europe. The German composer Felix Mendelssohn conducted concerts in the Gewandhaus (Drapers' Hall) from 1835 until his death in 1847. The philosopher Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz and the composer Richard Wagner were born in the city.

 

Museum Bach

 

Depan museum

 

Founded as Lipsk by Slavic tribes, in 920 the town was a fishing village by a lime grove. Leipzig was chartered by the margraves of Meissen in the 12th century. The margraves originated the trade fairs, which continue today. In the 15th century the electors of Saxony granted the citizenry the right of self-government.

 

Hostbahnhof (stasiun kereta) Leipzig

 

Teddy bear dalam Stasiun Leipzig

 

Sosis orang Jerman memang gede jo.......dan uenak tenan............

 

Leipzig's 200-member orchestra is considered one of the world's finest. The new Rathaus (town hall) is on the site of the 13th-century Pleissenburg, the citadel where Martin Luther debated Roman Catholic theologian Johann Eck in 1519.

 

City square Leipzig

 

Pasar Altesrathaus di city square Leipzig

 

Di bulan Mei 1989 untuk pertama kalinya ratusan ribu penduduk Leipzig turun ke jalan berdemonstrasi untuk Revolusi Damai. Dan akhirnya diadakan pertemuan untuk penyatuan Jerman di Gereja St. Nicholas, bangunan bergaya gothic dibangun tahun 1165.

 

St. Nicholas church where the meeting held for reunification German in 1989

 

The city was besieged several times during the Thirty Years' War (1618-1648) and was occupied (1631, 1642) after the battles of that war at nearby Breitenfeld. In October 1813, during the Napoleonic Wars (1799-1815), a French force was decisively defeated at Leipzig. In World War II (1939-1945) the city was extensively bombed by the Allied forces.

In May 1989, large, peaceful demonstrations in Leipzig played a significant role in the movement for German reunification. Population (1997) 481,526 people.

 

 

 

 

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