ADVENTURES OF  VERINA & VINCENT  IN EUROPE

 

POTSDAM

 

Besok paginya kami naik metro yang perjalanannya jauh menuju Potsdam menggunakan tiket terusan seharian yang berlaku juga nanti di dalam kawasan Potsdam. Sebelum Perang Dunia, Potsdam dikenal sebagai daerah industri yang bermasalah polusi. Industri saat itu adalah lokomotip, tekstil, dan pharmasi. Setelah tiba di Stasiun Potsdam Hbf, kami pelajari terlebih dahulu brosur-brosur yang tersedia di pusat informasi. Keluar dari stasiun sudah tampak tersedianya tram dan bus berbagai jurusan. Kami harus menentukan rute mau kemana saja beserta urutan objectnya, karna di Potsdam ini adalah semacam daerah/kota kecil dengan berbagai tempat bekas istana dan bangunan kerajaan lainnya. Pertama kali kami menuju Istana Sanssouci (dibangun 1745-1747), yang ternyata istana ini luas sekali. Tamannya sangat luas dan ditata apik dan rapi sekali. Di tengah taman ada kolam dengan air mancur dan berbagai bebek dan binatang ada di sana. Dari situ kita bisa berjalan kaki ke New Palace of Sanssouci (dibangun 1763-1769). Sebetulnya masih puluhan bangunan kuno tersebar di Potsdam ini ( dan masing-masing menarik sekali untuk dikunjungi. Dari situ kami teruskan naik bus, kami berhenti dan masuk ke dalam Universitat Potsdam (jurusan Psikologi) dan mencoba masuk kantin yang ternyata dipenuhi mahasiswa/i belajar berkelompok per meja makan, banyak yang menggunakan lap-top dan mereka serius sekali membicarakan pelajaran, begitu tertib dan sopannya. Makan di kantin sekolah ternyata sangat-sangat murah dengan makanan serba enak-enak tersedia. Kemudian kami melanjutkan naik bus ke Cecilienhof (dibangun 1914-1917). Cecilienhof adalah tempat konferensi petinggi negara Amerika (Harry Truman), Rusia (Joseph Stalin), dan Inggris (Winston Churchill) pada Perang Dunia II tanggal 17 Juli - 2 Agustus 1945. Akhirnya dengan menggunakan tram kami menuju Glienicker Brucke, yaitu jembatan penting sarat bersejarah dimana sebelum ada penyatuan Jerman (1990), bila ada pertukaran tawanan antara barat dan timur dilakukan di jembatan ini, saat itu tentunya suasana yang lumayan mencekam.

 

Glienicker Brucke (Jembatan Berlin-Potsdam), tempat pertukaran tawanan antara barat dan timur

 

Potsdam, city in northeastern Germany, capital of the state of Brandenburg after the German unification in 1990 (formerly the capital of Potsdam District, East Germany). Potsdam is located on the Havel River, near Berlin. Among the manufactures are locomotives, textiles, and pharmaceuticals; motion pictures are produced in the suburb of Babelsberg. Industrial air pollution is a problem in Potsdam.

The city was badly damaged by bombing in World War II (1939-1945) and rebuilt only recently; in 1945 it was the site of the Potsdam Conference.

 

Tempat konferensi Potsdam Cecilienhof 1945

 

Potsdam Conference, meeting of the heads of government of the United States, the USSR, and the United Kingdom, following the unconditional surrender of Germany in World War II. It was held in Potsdam, near Berlin, from July 17 to August 2, 1945. The purpose of the conference was the implementation of decisions reached previously at the Yalta Conference. The U.S. was represented by President Harry S. Truman and the USSR by Premier Joseph Stalin. The United Kingdom was represented at first by Prime Minister Winston Churchill and later by the new prime minister, Clement Richard Attlee.

A communiqué issued at the close of the conference, and known as the Potsdam Agreement, contained the decisions reached by the participants. The principal decisions related to Germany. Administration of the country, until the establishment of a permanent new government, was transferred to the military commanders of the U.S., the USSR, the United Kingdom, and France, in their zones of occupation, and a four-power Allied Control Council was created to resolve questions pertaining to Germany as a whole. Pending definitive settlement in a peace treaty, all lands east of the Odra (Oder) and Neisse rivers were placed under Polish and Soviet jurisdiction. It was agreed that the four occupying powers of Germany should take reparations from their respective zones of occupation; but, because the USSR had suffered greater loss than any of the other major powers, provision was made for additional compensation to the USSR. Rigid measures of control were decided on in the Potsdam Conference to prevent Germany from ever again becoming a threat to world peace. The conferees determined to disarm the country and prevent remilitarization; to outlaw the National Socialist (Nazi) Party that had been led by Hitler; to decentralize the economy and reorganize it with emphasis on agriculture; and to encourage democratic practices.

 

Teras depan Istana Sanssouci

 

Sanssouci Palace (1745-1747)

 

New Palace of Sanssouci (1763-1769)

 

Sanssouci Palace dengan Frederick the Great

 

Sanssouci dengan Frederick the Great

 

Kuburan Frederick the Great

 

Istana Sanssouci dibangun 1745-1747

 

Hari sudah malam, kami kembali ke Stasiun Potsdam Hbf untuk naik metro menuju beberapa tempat shopping plaza baru (lupa namanya) di daerah 'eks timur' sambil nyomot sosis Jerman.......memang uenak.....

 

 

 

 

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