DEN VINCENT IN THE CITY OF VIENNA - Austria
with Jeng Verina
Interior Schloss Schoenbrunn
Schoenbrunn Palace seen from back side
Rose garden very beautiful
The history of Vienna is synonymous with that of Europe's biggest empire, so hang on to your weiner schnitzel.
Vienna was named "Vindomina" by Celtic tribesmen around 500 BC. The Romans called it "Vindobona", which means "good wine," and some remains from the Roman garrison there can be found at Hoher Market. Since it was on the outskirts of the Roman Empire, it suffered much chaos and destruction during Volkerwanderung (AKA "let's pillage").
Banyak patung berjajar dalam taman istana yang memperlihatkan keperkasaan dan romantisme, lho kok bertiga.............
Huge garden and the Gloriette
Patung seni dengan air mancur dekat Gloriette
Andong dalam taman istana
Throughout the later Middle Ages Vienna lived under the rule of the Babenberg family. They steadfastly warded off those persistent Mongolian raiders who keep popping up just when you least expect them.
During the third great Crusade (1192 A.D), Richard the Lionhearted was captured near Vienna and held for a ransom most foul which amounted to eleven tons of silver! This tidy sum was collected from England and used for the creation of a mint and city walls, major steps in Vienna's ascension to proper city status.
Good old kidnapping, who can get enough of it? You can still see remains of these city walls in the metro stop at Stubentor.
1278 A.D. marked the beginning of Hapsburg rule over the Austrian lands, snatched from the clutches of Bohemian King Otokar II. This reign would last almost seven centuries and grow to be Europe's largest empire.
Vienna twice defended against Ottoman attackers in the 16th and 17th centuries. As the story goes, the Viennese strained coffee technique traces its roots back to these Turks, who left sacks of coffee beans in the wake of their hasty retreat.
Emperor Josef II granted freedom of religious expression in 1781, immediately attracting the likes of Mozart, Haydn and Beethoven. These composers created masterpieces of western music in service of the blossoming Viennese opera houses and concert halls.
In the Hofburg
Vienna officially became capital of the Austrian Empire in 1804, of the Austro-Hungarian Empire after 1867, and capital of First Austrian Republic after WWI. The Hapsburg dynasty ended in 1918 with the assassination of Franz Ferdinand, which launched WWI.
The Karlskirche or St. Charles Church
The ambitious, creative design of the Karlskirche combines architectural elements from ancient Greece (the columned portico), ancient Rome (the two Trajanesque columns), and contemporary Viennese Baroque (the dome and towers). The green copper dome rises 236 feet high, making it a major landmark on the Viennese skyline.
The design of the church was never imitated and it was always regarded as something of an architectural curiosity. But this gives it great interest among the more conventional Baroque churches of Austria and it is a rather magical sight, especially when illuminated at night.
Certainly the most surprising feature of the church are the great columns of the facade, designed in direct imitation of Trajan's Column in Rome with a Baroque touch at the top. The reliefs depict scenes from the life St. Charles Borromeo.
The interior of the church is much more conventional than the exterior, with High Baroque decoration. The vault frescoes depict St. Charles Borromeo begging the Holy Trinity to end the plague in the Vienna.
Between the two World Wars, Austria experienced a revolution (the February Uprising) and autocratic government. Austria was captured by Germany and then Russia during WWII, but emerged as a sovereign nation again at the end of the war. However, it remained a divided and occupied city for another ten years, a period when international espionage cloaked more than a dagger or two within its four bristling regions.
Turun dari limousine dilanjut jalan-jalan di old town square Stephanplatz
Shopping di old town square
Pemandangan old town square sore hari
Shopping di old town square sampai malam
In recent history Vienna has become like a second capital of Europe after Brussels. In the 1970's Vienna built the Vienna International Center, a complex to house one of the four United Nations offices. Along with the UN, this complex houses OPEC headquarters, the International Atomic Energy Agency, the Nuclear Test Ban Organization, and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe. Did you know that OSCE is the world's largest intergovernmental organization?
St. Stephen's cathedral
The Stephansdom (St. Stephen's Cathedral) has survived through many wars and has become a symbol of Vienna's freedom.
The Gothic cathedral was first built
in 1147 AD and its most recognizable characteristic, the diamond-patterned tile
roof, was added in 1952.
The cathedral is an impressive Gothic edifice of dark stone with a colorful tiled roof and a north tower rising to 450 feet (135m) named Alter Steffl, "Old Steve." Originally built between 1359 and 1433, it was reconstructed after severe war damage. A climb of 343 spiral steps provides sweeping view of the city from the top.
The north tower (Nordturm) was never finished to match its partner, but was given a Renaissance crown in 1529. The top of this tower, also with fine views and a look at the Pummerin bell, is reached by an elevator ride. The Pummerin bell is one of the largest bells in the world, cast from a cannon captured from the Turks in 1683. It rings out over the city on New Year's Eve.
The "O5" carved into the stone outside the cathedral's massive front door has important historical significance. The 5 stands for the fifth letter of the alphabet, E. When added to the O it makes OE, the abbreviation for Österreich (Austria). It was a covert sign of resistance to the Nazi annexation of Austria.
The interior is packed with interesting things to see, including many important artworks. One of the greatest treasures is the Wiener Neustadt altarpiece (1447) in the left chapel of the choir. Richly gilded and painted, it depicts the Virgin Mary between St. Catherine and St. Barbara.
The stone pulpit (1510-50) in the middle of the nave bears the images of four Latin church fathers: Ambrose, Jerome, Gregory and Augustine, all full of personality. A rare self-portrait of the artist (Anton Pilgram) is under the stairs, looking out a window with his sculptor's compass. This marks the transition point into the Renaissance, when artists began to be famous instead of anonymous.
The pulpit's railing is covered in interesting symbols: the lizards are animals of light, the toads are animals of darkness, and the "Dog of the Lord" at the top protects the sermon from their influence. Wheels with three parts (the Trinity) roll up, while wheels with four parts (the four seasons, representing mortal or worldly life) roll down.
Also of note is the unusual 17th-century tomb of Emperor Frederick III in the Apostles' Choir, which depicts hideous creatures trying to wake up the emperor.
Vienna International Airport is connected to the city by a sixteen minute train ride on the CAT system. Eight Euros and you're there!
Vienna has a smooth, well-built public transportation system. Like Prague, the city layout is organized by numbered districts which begin in the center and radiate outwards.
You can get around here on buses, trams, trains and the underground metro. Don't forget to stamp your ticket in the blue machine!
Vienna International Airport, mau terbang menuju Amsterdam
First off, location is everything. You can get to Vienna by bicycle on the greenway bike path, how cool!
Opera, baby! We didn't really get into detail, but Vienna's opera houses and theaters are some of the best in all of Europe. Visit the Burgtheater, Volkstheater Wien, and Theater in der Josefstadt, at the very least.
Across the Danube you should take a stroll through the Karmeliter district, which has a cool art scene and lots of bars. You know how art makes you thirsty.
For late night munchers, head to the area around Naschmarkt, maybe Cafe Drechsler or Grafin vom Naschmarkt, serving traditional Austrian chow for longer than anyone can remember.
If that's not enough, you can throw pretzels in the world's oldest zoo, or maybe even at the Vienna boy's choir, but not in any of the 100+ art museums.
The Peterskirche is the second-oldest church in Vienna
Dome of Peterskirche
It is the most sumptuously decorated Baroque church in the city. The pale-yellow-and-white facade features flanking towers that turn slightly inward, turrets said to be inspired by the tents of the Turks during the siege of 1683, and a fine portal. A relief plaque on the right side of the church tells of the legend of Charlemagne.
The interior contains much notable artwork from the early 18th century, including frescoes, gilded carved wood and altarpieces. Among the most notable artworks are the glass-crowned galleries high on the walls to either side of the altar, the tableau of the martyrdom of St. John Nepomuk, and the fresco in the dome by J. M. Rottmayr depicting the Coronation of the Virgin. Unfortunately, the dim light and years of accumulated grime make the interior rather gloomy and the details of the dome fresco difficult to make out.
Down town Vienna
Tempat tinggal Freud yang kini menjadi museum Freud, orang Yahudi pintar dalam karya kejiwaan
Eat it with dumplings, chase it with apple strudel, remember it over your
palatschinken the next morning (these are like crepes).
About every forty-five minutes you should be visiting a cafe for another magic coffee. Austrian caffeine addiction is legendary.
Vienna is also one of the world's few capital cities which still has its own vineyards. Go for a Riesling tasting next time you're in town.
And of course we are skipping all the obvious stuff such as Maria Theresien Platz, the residences of Beethoven, Mozart's grave... the list goes on. Seven centuries of royalty will accumulate quite a bit of architecture and noteworthy collections. (Steve Smith)
The Augustinerkirche (Augustinian Church) is a notable 14th-century palace church located on Josefsplatz in Vienna.
The view of the interior from the entrance is lovely and harmonious, with white-painted vertical lines, ribbed vaults, and hanging chandeliers.
The 1805 tomb of Maria Christina, the favorite daughter of Maria Theresa, is in the main nave near the rear entrance. The richly ornamented tomb, which shows the deceased and her family entering a temple, is a masterpiece of Antonio Canova. The princess is not actually buried here, however - her final resting place is the Imperial Crypt.
The Loreto Chapel and the 1337 Chapel of St. George are open to the public only after mass (about 12:30pm) on Sunday, Monday, or on guided tours. The Loreto Chapel to the right of the high altar shelters silver urns containing the hearts of Habsburg rulers, which can be viewed through a window in an iron door.
Attending mass at the Augustinerkirche is highly recommended and can be the highlight of a trip to Austria. Every Sunday at 11am, June through September, is a spectacular organ mass, which regularly features Haydn or Mozart. Arrive as early as 45 minutes in advance to ensure a seat.
GO YE INTO ALL THE WORLD, AND PREACH THE GOSPEL TO EVERY CREATURE
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